The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) has expelled Switzerland because the country has not joined Horizon Europe, the EU’s research and innovation programme. In fact, under ESFRI rules, members must be EU states, associated to Horizon, or an EU candidate country. But association talks between Bern and Brussels have not even started due to a stalemate over their more comprehensive political relationship. Switzerland’s exclusion is particularly problematic because it hosts one of the world’s largest scientific infrastructures, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN), in Geneva.
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